Form of government
Federal parliamentary democracy since 1949; German unity since 1990
Berlin, 3.4 million inhabitants
Three horizontal stripes in the colours black, red and gold
Third verse of August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben’s “Song of the Germans” sung to the melody of Joseph Haydn’s “Emperor’s Hymn”
3 October, Day of German Unity
Joachim Gauck, since 2012
Angela Merkel (CDU), since 2005
Coalition government consisting of CDU/CSU and SPD
German Bundestag in Berlin comprising 631 members in four parliamentary groups (CDU/CSU, SPD, The Left Party and Alliance 90/The Greens)
The Federal Republic of Germany consists of 16 Länder or federal states (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein and Thuringia).
The Bundesrat (upper house of parliament) is the representation of the Länder. It is involved in legislation and administration at national level.
Largest national economy in the European Union and the world’s fourth largest economy, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of 3,478 billion US dollars (2012)
Higher education institutions
370 universities, including some 200 universities of applied sciences, with a total of two million students
Non-academic research is conducted by institutes of the Max Planck Society, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the Leibniz Association and the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres.
6,200 museums, 820 theatres, 130 professional orchestras and 8,800 libraries
Last updated: January 2014