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Side by side

How enemies became close friends: Ten milestones on the path to the partnership between Germany and France. 

Aachener Vertrag
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When German hospitals took in seriously ill patients from France during the first coronavirus wave, it was a good example of solidarity in action. In the current energy crisis too, the two partners are engaged in mutual support, supplying each other with electricity and gas. These days this is taken for granted, yet from a historical perspective these recent examples are testimony to the way that centuries of hostile relations have been transformed into a close friendly alliance. Here are ten of the key milestones along this path: 


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