Working in Germany

The ZAV helps find jobs in Germany.
How to succeed in entering the German labour market. Information on career opportunities for international skilled personnel, tips on applying, training and job hunting.

Your guide to working in Germany

What are the best-paid jobs in Germany? Which employers pay the most? Do foreigners have a chance of getting a job in Germany? And how do I apply? You will find the answers to all these questions – and much more – here.

The new Skilled Immigration Act, which eases the entry of non-EU foreigners with professional training into the German labour market, has been in force since March 2020.  We show you what career opportunities international skilled people have in Germany and how you can find the right job.



What's the situation on the German labour market?

The German labour market needs well-trained women and men. Foreign skilled staff have good chances in jobs where there are many vacancies. According to a study commissioned by the Bertelsmann Foundation in February 2019, Germany is dependent on immigration from countries outside Europe: by 2060, Germany will have an annual immigration requirement of at least 260,000 people. An annual average of 114,000 immigrants are expected to come from other EU states. This means that around 146,000 women and men would have to immigrate from countries outside the EU.


Germany is looking for skilled workers – worldwide
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These jobs are in demand in Germany

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Around 5.5 million people in Germany work in the skilled crafts sector.
Working in Germany

Ten facts about the job market in Germany

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Most called-for jobs

Which jobs are needed in Germany?

  1. Software developers, architects, programmers
  2. Electronics engineers, electricians, electrical fitters
  3. Nurses
  4. IT consultants, IT analysts
  5. Economists, business management experts
  6. Customer advisors, account managers
  7. Production assistants
  8. Sales representatives/assistants
  9. Sales managers, product managers
  10. Architects, civil engineers

Source: Dekra Arbeitsmarkt Report 2018

Here you can find more information about jobs that are in demand



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Foreign skilled personnel

Do foreigners have a chance of getting a job in Germany?

Skilled job-seekers from abroad have very good opportunities in certain professions. For example, there are many jobs for engineers, doctors, nurses, as well as in the manual trades. Here you can find useful tips and experience reports for international applicants.

Qualified professionals and skilled workers

Helping people

Carers in Germany: why Ukrainian Kateryna Nenzhentseva took the daring step of starting a new life seven years ago.

Germany’s most popular jobs

There are excellent opportunities for well-trained, qualified professionals in the German labour market. The most sought-after jobs and valuable tips for foreign applicants.
Maksym Babenko hat sich gut auf Deutschland vorbereitet.
Raising questions

A skilled worker in Germany

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With a view to the future: skilled craft trades offers many opportunities
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Opportunities for skilled international personnel

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What are the best-paid jobs in Germany?

Scientists, doctors and engineers are among the best-paid vocational groups. However, in Germany, how much you earn depends not only on your profession. There are also regional differences in salaries. We show you how much people earn in Germany.

There are regional differences in average pay.
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How much do Germans earn?

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Employers and job hunting

Who are the best employers in Germany?

Two new rankings show which companies are popular and which employers have a particularly good reputation in Germany. One German company is particularly convincing. Here you will find the top ten best German employers.

How to find a job in Germany

If you're looking for work in Germany, you can contact the job centre or use the job portals and important business networks. Alongside the established job forums, innovative apps offer a surprising way of accessing the labour market.


How to apply for a job in Germany

We have plenty of tips on applying for jobs, for example which documents and certificates you should prepare and how to compile a CV for German companies. And we also know which mistakes you should definitely avoid in your application.

If you're invited to go for an interview, you should know what impresses German HR managers. We have put together a list of what to expect in the interview – with the best tips from preparation to the dress code.

The first impression of your application counts.
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How to apply for a job in Germany

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Interview: the first impression counts
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This is what awaits you in the job interview

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It can also do no harm for you to know the five most important rules of business etiquette in Germany. And we let you in on the ultimate workplace terms and rituals.

Vocational training

Where can I find information about vocational training in Germany?

If you are not yet a skilled professional but would like to undergo vocational training or further education in Germany, there are also plenty of opportunities for you. Here you can find information about the dual training scheme and tips for finding a training placement:

Tax, visa, qualifications

How high is income tax in Germany?

You may have heard that the German tax system is a science in itself. Here we explain the most important aspects of income tax in Germany.

Where can I find information on visas and work permits in Germany?

The multilingual portal bundles information especially for foreign professionals about work permits and visas, job hunting, qualifications, German language skills, language courses, the working environment and formalities in everyday life.

Your job in Germany

Is my university degree or professional qualification valid in Germany?

The portal provides information on the recognition of professional qualifications.



Jobs in demand in Germany

German companies are crying out for qualified staff. International applicants have good chances in these professions. Read on for the best tips and links.

New work

New work: How the pandemic and digitisation are changing the world of work in Germany

Homeworking, remote work, job sharing, co-working: digitisation is creating new working models and changing the labour market in Germany. These trends are being additionally accelerated by the pandemic. Jutta Allmendinger, president of the Berlin Social Science Center, gives her views of how our world of work will look in the future. Robert Habeck, Germany’s minister for economic affairs and climate action, assesses the impact these developments will have on companies. In addition, we present a number of individuals who have the courage to pursue new working models, introduce you to some leading future laboratories and show you what the Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation is working on.

Robert Habeck

“The transformation has begun”

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Sociologist Jutta Allmendinger

“It’s definitely not a case of one or the other”

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We work differently!

The pandemic has massively accelerated the transformation of the world of work. Where is this leading? What will the future of work be like?

Innovative and globally networked

Whether airbag or MP3 format, quantum computing or green hydrogen, Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft has been world famous for decades when it comes to research and innovation in key technologies.

Innovative Farmers

Synergies between top-down and bottom-up innovations accelerate sustainable growth and improved food supply in Africa, says Oliver Kirui, researcher at ZEF, University of Bonn.

Living diversity

The future of work: find out here why diversity goes without saying at Fintiba, Bastian Krieghoff’s startup.

Brave new world of work

The concept of New Work stems from the German-American social philosopher Frithjof Bergmann, who wanted to develop a counter model to socialism and capitalism in the 1980s. An essay by Markus Väth, a pioneer of today’s New Work movement, on the idea and its impacts.

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Working in Germany

What is working in Germany like? Why is the German labour market so attractive for foreigners? Get the most important facts.

“Important signal for craft businesses”

Whether at construction sites or in a bakeries, there is a lack of skilled workers in the craft trades. Does the planned immigration law help? Here is what the President of the Central Association of German Skilled Crafts has to say.

Germany’s most popular jobs

There are excellent opportunities for well-trained, qualified professionals in the German labour market. The most sought-after jobs and valuable tips for foreign applicants.

Would you leave your country for a good job?

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