2021 Bundestag elections

Facts, figures and background information on current developments.

Germany to pick Merkel successor after 16 Years as german Bundeskanzlerin



Angela Merkel (CDU)
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Who will follow Merkel?

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Election campaign in Germany: speakers on the market square.
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Campaigning in the Covid pandemic

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Topic of the week: The German federal election

How was the election campaign?

Election candidates have been campaigning for themselves and their objectives for many weeks. Three of them sum things up here.
Topic of the week: The German federal election

Making changes in Germany

Three candidates who hope to become members of the Bundestag for the first time provide insights into their election campaigns.
The German federal election: Young people can vote when aged 18.
Meeting people

Setting the course for the future

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These are the parties represented in the Bundestag. Discover all the key facts here:

The oldest party

The SPD finds its origins in Germany’s oldest political parties. The Social Democrats still has close ties to unions and workers to this day.

The environmental party

Protection of the environment was the motivation for establishing the Greens in the early 1980s. Today they co-govern in various coalitions.

The sister parties

The sister parties CDU and CSU, known as the “Union” for short, form the traditionally strongest party in Germany, though they will have to cope with the departure of Angela Merkel.

Pretty far right

The right-wing populist AfD wants to leave the EU and abolish the euro. It rejects immigration and measures to fight climate change.

How German democracy functions at the federal level:

Deutscher Bundestag
Germany at a glance

The German parliament and the parties

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2017 Bundestag elections: each voter has two votes
We Tell You

This is the way the federal elections work

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Postal ballots being counted in an exhibition hall in 2020.
Raising questions

Ballot papers are checked three times

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Topic of the week: Parliamentary election to the Bundestag

Election campaigning is teamwork

Election in Germany – what happens behind the scenes in the election campaign? Interview with campaign manager Clemens Buhr
Topic of the week: Parliamentary election to the Bundestag

"Stable and secure"

Is the election in Germany threatened by manipulation? The Federal Returning Officer explains the precautions that are being taken.
Topic of the week: Parliamentary election to the Bundestag

Well-run election?

Election in Germany: for the fourth time since 2009, the Bundestag election is being observed by a team from the OSCE.

Parties and political foundations in Germany

Go to this portals to find out more about the programs and the issues of all the political parties and their factions currently representing the citizens of Germany. With just one click you can also access the pages of the party-affiliated foundations.
Quick facts
seats in the Bundestag

The parliament consists of at least 709 MPs.


Constituencies are so divided that there are about the same number of voters in each.

direct mandates

The politician who receives the most votes in a constituency enters parliament with a direct mandate. 

per cent

Only parties that have received at least five per cent of the second votes may enter the Bundestag.


are running in the 2021 Bundestag elections.


German citizens are eligible to vote.

years of age

is the minimum required age to vote and to run for office.

was the percentage

of voter turnout in the 2013 Bundestag elections.

Want to understand German politics? Then you should familiarise yourself with the following topics:

Angela Merkel at the G7 Summit 2018 in Canada with Donald Trump
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Chancellorship with many challenges

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Angela Merkel in the Bundestag
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Especially memorable

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Myths and realities

Manfred Güllner, the well-known opinion researcher, explains how the “electoral successes” of the right-wing populist AfD should really be assessed.

Women vote differently

Women in Germany have had the right to vote for 100 years. Why they nevertheless sometimes cast their vote less often than men, and what parties they prefer.

Equal rights in politics?

One of the most powerful women in the world governs Germany. Does that mean German politics has a high proportion of women? Here are the figures.

The German State

What tasks are the governmental agencies and offices responsible for in Germany and in Europe? Here you will find links to the state, politics and democracy. And you can also contact public authorities and take advantage of services for the citizens.

Germany has a federal system. Get to know the 16 federal states here:

Find out everything about the 2017 Bundestag elections here:

Master Grafik Spezial

Germany after the elections

Everything about the 2017 German general elections and the latest developments on the formation of a new government.