Federal States of Germany

Whether you’re interested in economic regions, research centers, natural landscapes or cultural scenes – here you’re given an overview.

Landeshauptstadt Bremen


“We can do anything. Except speak standard German,“ they say in Baden-Württemberg. This official site humorously presents the “Ländle“ where four dialects are spoken.



Cheerful and laid back, and sometimes a little stubborn: tradition is something that’s important to the Bavarians. In Germany’s largest state, you can see people wearing dirndls and lederhosen any time and anywhere. And the locals visiting the world’s largest fair, the Oktoberfest in the state capital of Munich, often wear complete traditional costumes. Situated in the south-east of Germany, Bavaria is also famous for its industry in the automotive, mechanical engineering and electronics sectors.



Creative, fast-paced, open-minded: Since the fall of the Wall, Berlin has become one of the most exciting, liveliest cities in Europe. The 3.4-million metropolis, which is the capital city of the country as well as of a German state, moves fast. Berlin is the venue of in excess of one thousand events a day, including the state opera, openings of new art exhibitions in inner courtyards or multicultural festivals.



Prussia’s glory and Babelsberg’s glamour: Brandenburg is the German state that surrounds the exciting metropolis of the country’s capital city, Berlin. The sparsely populated state in the northeast is covered with forests, crisscrossed by canals and home to approximately 3000 lakes. The state capital is Potsdam and it’s very proud of its Rococo jewel: Sanssouci Palace. The Viadrina European University in Frankfurt (Oder), a showcase project, has been teaching German and Polish students together since 1991.



“Bremen in three minutes.“ Is that possible? It is – on an official tour with the “City Informants of Bremen“. Learn about the history of the tiny state, which has consisted of two cities since 1947. Bremerhaven‘s own website has been integrated into Bremen‘s.



A metropolis of millions steeped in history on the Elbe River: the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is a German state, the country’s second largest city and the most important center for foreign trade in Germany all rolled into one. Huge container ships sail daily through the “door to the world”, Hamburg’s overseas port. Every third container comes from China or is being shipped there.



Down-to-earth in the heart of Germany: The state of Hesse stretches from the Sauerland district in the north to the Oden Forest in the south. The state capital, Wiesbaden, the city of villas and wines, invites visitors out for a leisurely stroll. With the largest airport in Germany, Frankfurt is a hub for international trade. Automotive and mechanical engineering, the chemical and the electro industry play a major role in the economy.


Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

A natural paradise: More than 2000 lakes, over 350 kilometers of coastline along the Baltic Sea, along with spacious fields and forests characterize the countryside of the most thinly populated state in Germany. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania‘s most important industry is tourism. The home state of Chancellor Angela Merkel is also where the largest water sports region in Central Europe is located.


Lower Saxony

Diversity, tradition and the spirit of innovation: Lower Saxony, which is the second-largest state in area in the Federal Republic of Germany, stretches from the North Sea island of Borkum to the Harz Mountains. In between, you’ll find Hannover, the state capital, the Luneburg Heath and Germany’s most fertile fields. Two thirds of Lower Saxony’s acreage is used in agriculture, but the most important industry is the automotive industry.


North Rhine-Westphalia

From coal and steel to high-tech, fashion and theater: North Rhine-Westphalia, the most populous German state and the largest industrial area in Germany, is quickly becoming a megalopolis for culture and research. “NRW” boasts the most dense research network in Europe and – in addition to New York and Paris – has been named as one of the most important cultural regions in the world by the UNESCO.



Take your pick of Riesling, Müller-Thurgau or Silvaner: Rhineland-Palatinate is Germany’s first and foremost wine-producing state, harvesting two thirds of all the wine grapes grown in Germany. The official portal provides you with information on the state and its inhabitants, regional industries and popular tourist attractions of world renown.



Saarland has been part of the Federal Republic of Germany since 1957, before which it changed its “nationality” eight times in 200 years. Its political and economic centre is the state capital Saarbrücken. The people of Saarland have named their home region the “world capital of computer science” as a result of its many renowned research establishments. Visitors can expect to enjoy people’s hospitality and great natural beauty.



Lace from Plauen, Meissen porcelain or watches from Glashütte: excellence in craftsmanship and an inventive spirit have made Saxony famous throughout the world. The free state is the most populous and densely populated state in the eastern part of Germany. The locals like to call their state capital “Florence on the Elbe River”, because Dresden is situated idyllically in the heart of the Elbe Valley and is home to some of the most beautiful buildings of the Renaissance and Baroque periods.



Innovative and original: Saxony-Anhalt is able to boast the largest number of direct foreign investments of all the new German states in the east. Picturesque river landscapes along 303 kilometers of the Elbe River, romantic wine-growing districts and not one but four world cultural heritage sites characterize the countryside. With Saxony and Thuringia, this state forms the economic region of “Mitteldeutschland” (Central Germany).



“Old salts” will feel right at home in the state nestled between the North and the Baltic Seas. Schleswig-Holstein is the most northern state in Germany and its capital city, Kiel, is a focal point of activity every year during the world’s largest sailing event, the Kiel Week. The most important industries to be found in Schleswig-Holsteins include medical technology, the maritime industry and information and communications technologies.



Goethe and Bach or Bauhaus and the Reformation: Thuringia is well known as the land of poets and philosophers. The Thuringian State Chancellery portal includes a wide range of cultural treasures between Altenburg and Zeitz, just waiting to be discovered. Information on current politics, business development and the scenic diversity of the countryside complete the picture.