Financial aid for virus-hit firms
Germany's government has promised unlimited credit for companies that are affected economically by the spread of the coronavirus.
Berlin (dpa) - The German government is to provide businesses with unlimited credit to offset the coronavirus crisis, Finance Minister Olaf Scholz announced in Berlin on Friday.
The announcement came as the federal and state governments introduced more stringent measures to curb the spread of the virus.
The German parliament pushed through measures to give affected employees access to funds intended for short-term work, as the authorities in Germany's 16 states moved to restrict visits to homes for the elderly and shut down schools in a series of patchwork measures spreading across the country.
German has seen about 2,400 confirmed cases of the virus, including five deaths.
Economy Minister Peter Altmaier told Der Spiegel news magazine the government was retaining the option of taking a stake in key companies but added there was no immediate prospect of widespread nationalization.
The pharmaceutical sector, which draws many of its medications from Asia, could need help, Altmaier said.
Deutsche Bahn (DB), the state-owned German rail company announced that its regular express service from Frankfurt through south-western Germany and Switzerland to Italy had stopped running, and direct services were no longer available to Italy.
In addition, DB's services from Bavaria to Italy are now stopping in Austria, while normal services to France are continuing for the present, although passengers are being advised to check ahead of travelling.
On the border with the virus-hit French region of Grand Est, police imposed spot-checks for the virus.
Anyone with flu-like symptoms would have their temperature taken, and in the event of a suspected case of illness, turned away at the border after Germany's official disease control body, the Robert Koch Institute, declared Grand Est a high-risk area on Wednesday, they said.
The Central Council of Muslims in Germany (ZMD) urged mosques to cancel traditional Friday prayer services, with the aim of slowing the progress of the epidemic and easing pressure on the country's health services.
Friday prayers and other activities in mosques across Germany should be cancelled at least until the end of March, the ZMD said after consultation with the health authorities at federal and regional level.
Among the measures put forward by Scholz and Altmaier are billions of euros in financial aid to companies and employees, government sources told dpa.
A delay in tax payments is expected to be part of the package, which is designed to avert cash-flow problems.
In Munich, Bavarian Premier Markus Soeder announced that visits to homes for the aged would be heavily restricted. He added that the elderly should not be asked to look after children.
All schools, child day-care centres and creches are to be closed across the southern state, Germany's largest by area, from Monday up to April 6, the start of the Easter holiday. The move effectively shuts down all education in the state up to April 20.
"As there is no medication, we are compelled to take other measures to slow the spread," Soeder said, after at least 500 people had tested positive for the virus by Thursday.
By midday on Friday, at least eight of Germany's 16 states had announced that schools and creches would be closed from Monday. Other states were holding discussions and were expected to take a decision later on Friday.
Family Minister Franziska Giffey defended regional decisions on school closures. "Naturally, health has priority, and wherever there are concrete illness or suspect cases, temporary closures are necessary," she told the Friday edition of the Rhein Neckar Zeitung newspaper.
But she also noted that a total school shutdown would lead to problems with childcare. "This would affect parents working in hospitals, nursing or doctors' practices," Giffey said, noting that calling on grandparents to take over would put them at risk.
The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) puts the total number of schools at around 43,000 with 11 million pupils and some 820,000 teachers.