Shifts in German population

German society has witnessed several demographic changes since the current constitution came into effect 70 years ago.

Shifts in German population
dpa

Berlin (dpa) - The average age of the German population has risen by 10 years since the current constitution came into effect 70 years ago, the Federal Statistical Office reported on Tuesday.

Marking the 70th anniversary of the passing in May 1949 of the "basic law" for what was then West Germany, official statisticians said the average age of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) was 34.8 years at the time.

The average age for reunified Germany in 2017 - including the eastern states, over whom the constitution was extended upon their absorption into the Federal Republic in 1990 - was 44.4 years.

Seventy years ago, 30.5 per cent of the West German population was younger than 20 years old, and only 9.4 per cent was older than 65.

In 2017, those younger than 20 made up 18.4 per cent of the population of reunified Germany, and those older than 65 21.4 per cent.

There has also been a significant shift in the balance between the sexes. In 1950, women made up 53.3 per cent of the population of West Germany. That figure fell to 50.7 per cent for the whole of Germany in 2017.