COP27 – everything you need to know
The UN Climate Change Conference is taking place in Egypt – we present all the key facts about how countries are fighting climate change.
When is the UN Climate Change Conference 2022 being held?
COP27 (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 27th Conference of the Parties) is being held in Sharm el-Sheikh on the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt from 6 to 18 November 2022. The first UN Climate Change Conference took place in Berlin in 1995 in Berlin.
Which are the most important climate targets?
The central objective is to limit global warming to a maximum increase of between 1.5 and 2 degrees, as compared with pre-industrialisation levels. To this end, greenhouse gas emissions will need to be reduced to zero by 2050. This will require us to more or less completely cease using fossil energy sources.
What are the goals of the climate conference?
The conference is intended to drive forward international efforts in the battle against climate change. The signatory countries will be reviewing their national climate targets in Sharm el-Sheikh and setting new and more ambitious ones. The overriding priority is to reduce emissions that are harmful to the climate to zero by 2050. This is the fundamental “net zero” target that was enshrined in the 2015 Paris Agreement reached at COP21. At COP26 in Glasgow in 2021, the targets were firmed up. Another key issue is to provide support for countries that are particularly affected by climate change.
How much international climate funding is available?
The industrialised countries have pledged to make 100 billion US dollars per year available to poorer countries for the fight against climate change. Germany contributed more than 8 billion euros in 2021.
Which countries are taking part in COP27?
197 signatory countries are organised within the framework of the COP. More than 3,000 non-government organisations have observer status. The COP is staged by the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which is located in Bonn.
Detailed information about COP27 can be found here.