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The German Federal Government

The Federal Chancellor and the federal ministers form the Federal Government, the cabinet.

Federal Chancellery
Federal Chancellery © dpa

The Federal Chancellor heads the Federal Government. Together with the federal ministers, he or she forms the Federal Government, the cabinet. Alongside the Chancellor’s power to set policy guidelines, within these general parameters ministers on principle run their ministries independently; the collective principle also applies, whereby the Federal Government settles disputes by majority decision. Since the 2021 general election, the federal cabinet has consisted of 15 ministers and the Head of the Federal Chancellery in addition to the Federal Chancellor. The federal ministries are the highest federal authorities for the relevant departments. The Federal Chancellor determines and is responsible for the general guidelines of policy.

The seat of government is the federal capital Berlin. Before German reunification in 1990, Bonn was the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. In June 1991 the Bundestag decided that Berlin would be the seat of parliament and of government. Nevertheless, six federal ministries maintain their headquarters in Bonn, and all the ministries maintain offices in both cities. Bonn, as the second political centre of the Federal Republic, likewise bears the name Federal City of Bonn.

© Facts about Germany

Federal Ministries

Federal Ministry of Finance

Federal Ministry of the Interior and Community

Federal Foreign Office

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action

Federal Ministry of Justice

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

Federal Ministry of Defence

Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture

Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth

Federal Ministry of Health

Federal Ministry for Digital and Transport

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection

Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development

Federal Ministry of Building